Quantitative contrast enhanced ultrasound and ct assessment of tumor response to antiangiogenic therapy in rats

Rachel E Pollard, Amy R. Broumas, Erik R Wisner, Sylvia V. Vekich, Katherine W. Ferrara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and contrast-enhanced destruction-replenishment subharmonic ultrasound (CEDRSU) were used to quantify blood flow and tumor viability during antiangiogenic therapy. SU11657 or placebo was administered to R3230AC tumor-baring rats over a two-week period. CEDRSU vascular volume (ASI) and volume flow (VF) and CECT perfusion (PR) and permeability (PM) measurements were made on day 0, 7 and 14. The percent change in imaging parameters was calculated between day 0 and 7 and 14. Serum drug level (SDL) was compared with imaging parameters. Imaging estimates of tumor viability were compared with histology images on day 14. The percent change in imaging measures for control and treated groups were significantly different on day 7(ASI, p = 0.02; VF, p = 0.008, PR, p = 0.0007; PM, p = 0.003) and 14 (ASI, p = 0.0004; VF, p = 0.002, PR, p = 0.003; PM, p = 0.005). Imaging identified animals with lower SDLs as having higher tumor vascularity and flow. Spatial estimates of tumor viability correlated with histology (CEDRSU, r2 = 0.92, p ≪ 0.001; CT, r2 = 0.86, p ≪ 0.001). CEDRSU and CECT provide measures of blood flow and viability in tumors during antiangiogenic therapy. Tumors with higher flow were identified in animals with lower SDL. SU11657 treatment results in decreased tumor flow and viability. (E-mail: repollard@ucdavis.edu).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-245
Number of pages11
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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Keywords

  • Antiangiogenic therapy
  • Contrast CT
  • Contrast ultrasound
  • Quantitative imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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