Quantitation of benzo[a]pyrene-DNA adducts by postlabeling with 14C-acetic anhydride and accelerator mass spectrometry

Radoslav Goldman, Billy W. Day, Tonya A. Carver, Robert J. Mauthe, Ken W Turteltaub, Peter G. Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Quantitation of carcinogen-DNA adducts provides an estimate of the biologically effective dose of a chemical carcinogen reaching the target tissue. In order to improve exposure-assessment and cancer risk estimates, we are developing an ultrasensitive procedure for the detection of carcinogen-DNA adducts. The method is based upon postlabeling of carcinogen-DNA adducts by acetylation with 14C-acetic anhydride combined with quantitation of 14C by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). For this purpose, adducts of benzo[a]pyrene-r-7,t-8-dihydrodiol-t-9,10-epoxide (BPDE) with DNA and deoxyguanosine (dG) were synthesized. The most promutagenic adduct of BPDE, 7R,8S,9R-trihydroxy-10S-(N2-deoxyguanosyl)-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BPdG), was HPLC purified and structurally characterized. Postlabeling of the BPdG adduct with acetic anhydride yielded a major product with a greater than 60% yield. The postlabeled adduct was identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry as pentakis(acetyl) BPdG (AcBPdG). Postlabeling of the BPdG adduct with 14C-acetic anhydride yielded a major product coeluting with an AcBPdG standard. Quantitation of the 14C-postlabeled adduct by AMS promises to allow detection of attomolar amounts of adducts. The method is now being optimized and validated for use in human samples. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-183
Number of pages13
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • C-postlabeling
  • Benzo[a]pyrene
  • Carcinogenesis
  • DNA adduct
  • Molecular epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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