Quantification of hepatic and renal cortical echogenicity in clinically normal cats

William Tod Drost, George A. Henry, James H. Meinkoth, J. Paul Woods, Terry W Lehenbauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Objective - To quantitatively determine echogenicity of the liver and renal cortex in clinically normal cats. Animals - 17 clinically normal adult cats. Procedure - 3 ultrasonographic images of the liver and the right kidney were digitized from video output from each cat. Without changing the ultrasound machine settings, an image of a tissue-equivalent phantom was digitized. Biopsy specimens of the right renal cortex and liver were obtained for histologic examination. Mean pixel intensities within the region of interest (ROI) on hepatic, renal cortical, and tissue-equivalent phantom ultrasonographic images were determined by histogram analysis. From ultrasonographic images, mean pixel intensities for hepatic and renal cortical ROI were standardized by dividing each mean value by the mean pixel intensity from the tissue-equivalent phantom. Results - The mean (± SD) standardized hepatic echogenicity value was 1.06 ± 0.02 (95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.10). The mean standardized right renal cortical echogenicity value was 1.04 ± 0.02 (95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 1.08). The mean combined standardized hepatic and renal cortical echogenicity value was 1.02 ± 0.05 (95% confidence interval, 0.99 to 1.04). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Quantitative determination of hepatic and renal cortical echogenicity in cats is feasible, using histogram analysis, and may be useful for early detection of diffuse parenchymal disease and for serially evaluating disease progression. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:1016-1020).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1016-1020
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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