Quality of life of Latina and Euro-American women with ductal carcinoma in situ

Joan R. Bloom, Susan L Stewart, Anna M. Napoles, E. Shelly Hwang, Jennifer C. Livaudais, Leah Karliner, Celia P. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Risk factors for psychosocial distress following a breast cancer diagnosis include younger age, history of depression, inadequate social support, and serious comorbid conditions. Although these quality of life (QOL) concerns have been studied in women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), Latina women have been understudied. Methods Data were from a cross-sectional telephone survey of Latina and Euro-American women with DCIS recruited through a population-based cancer registry. The sample included 396 Euro-American women and 349 Latina women; 156 were interviewed in English and 193 in Spanish, with a median of 2 years after diagnosis. Regression models were created for measures in each of the following four QOL domains: physical, psychological, social, and spiritual. Results Younger age, no partner, and lower income were related to lower QOL in various domains. Physical comorbidities were associated with lower physical, psychological, and social QOL; lingering effects of surgery and prior depression were associated with lower QOL in all domains. English-speaking and Spanish-speaking Latinas (SSLs) reported higher spiritual QOL, and SSLs reported lower social QOL than Euro-American women. Conclusions Despite having lower mortality, women with DCIS are treated with surgery and radiation therapy as if they have invasive cancer, and the aftereffects of treatment can impact their QOL. SSLs are at risk for lower QOL partly because of poverty. However, Latinas' greater spiritual QOL may mitigate some of the psychological and social effects of treatment. Implications It is important to incorporate these findings into treatment decision making (choice of surgical treatment) and survivorship care (monitoring women with a history of depression or physical comorbidity).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1016
Number of pages9
JournalPsycho-Oncology
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • DCIS
  • physical well-being
  • psychological well-being
  • quality of life
  • social well-being
  • spiritual well-being
  • survivorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

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    Bloom, J. R., Stewart, S. L., Napoles, A. M., Hwang, E. S., Livaudais, J. C., Karliner, L., & Kaplan, C. P. (2013). Quality of life of Latina and Euro-American women with ductal carcinoma in situ. Psycho-Oncology, 22(5), 1008-1016. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.3098