Quality-of-life assessment of Ménière's disease patients after surgical labyrinthectomy

Rodney C Diaz, Michael J. Larouere, Dennis I. Bojrab, John J. Zappia, Eric W. Sargent, Wayne T. Shaia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of surgical labyrinthectomy on quality of life of Ménière's disease patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Otology subspecialty referral center. PATIENTS: All patients with Ménière's disease who underwent surgical labyrinthectomy between 1998 and 2004 were selected. Fifty-three patients satisfied inclusion criteria. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 44 patients. INTERVENTION(S): The Ménière's Disease Outcomes Questionnaire is a disease-specific quality-of-life questionnaire. It was used to assess the quality of life of patients before and after surgical labyrinthectomy. The questionnaire encompasses physical, mental, and social well-being domains of quality of life. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Change in total quality-of-life score was used to assess the overall impact of surgical labyrinthectomy on subjective patient outcome. Individual quality-of-life domains were also assessed. RESULTS: Forty-three of 44 respondents (98%) had improvement in total score after surgery. The one patient who demonstrated deterioration developed latent contralateral disease. Average preoperative and postoperative scores were 34 ± 14 and 67 ± 15, respectively (p < 0.001). All questions showed significant improvement with surgery (p < 0.001) except questions pertaining to memory (no change) and hearing loss (nonsignificant decrease in score). CONCLUSION: This study comprises the first patient-directed assessment of quality-of-life outcomes in Ménière's disease patients after labyrinthectomy. Despite the disadvantage of hearing loss, patients consistently reported significant improvement in all quality-of-life domains and do not report a significant loss of quality of life in terms of their hearing loss. Surgical labyrinthectomy remains a highly effective treatment for Ménière's disease patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-86
Number of pages13
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endolymphatic hydrops
  • Labyrinthectomy
  • Ménière's disease
  • Ménière's Disease Outcomes Questionnaire
  • Outcomes research
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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