A procedure has been developed for purification of the porcine brain alpha 2-adrenergic receptor to homogeneity. alpha 2-Adrenergic receptors were solubilized from porcine brain particulate preparations using sequential extraction into sodium cholate- and digitonin-containing buffers. The alpha 2-adrenergic receptors in the digitonin extract were identified using the alpha 2-adrenergic selective antagonist, [3H]yohimbine, and demonstrated the same specificity for interaction with adrenergic ligands as did the receptors in particulate preparations. Extraction into digitonin-containing buffers eliminated the modulation of receptor-agonist interactions by guanine nucleotides, but not by monovalent cations. A novel affinity resin, yohimbine-agarose, was synthesized and used for purification of alpha 2-adrenergic receptors. Using two sequential yohimbine-agarose affinity chromatography steps, digitonin-solubilized alpha 2-adrenergic receptors from porcine brain cortex were purified to homogeneity as assessed by radioiodination and silver stain analysis of these preparations on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purified alpha 2-adrenergic receptor has an approximate Mr = 65,000, as determined by photolabeling of the adrenergic ligand-binding subunit. The yohimbine-agarose affinity resin should be useful for purifying quantities of receptor sufficient for studies of receptor structure and function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 5 1987|
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