Pulmonary artery dissection in eight dogs with patent ductus arteriosus

Brian A. Scansen, Elaine M. Simpson, Jordi López-Alvarez, William P. Thomas, Janice M. Bright, Bryan D. Eason, John E. Rush, Joanna Dukes-Mcewan, Henry W. Green, Suzanne M. Cunningham, Lance C Visser, Agnieszka M. Kent, Karsten E. Schober

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To describe a series of dogs with pulmonary artery dissection and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Animals Eight dogs. Methods Retrospective case series. Results Pulmonary artery dissection was diagnosed in 8 dogs, 3 were Weimaraners. Four dogs presented in left-sided congestive heart failure, 4 presented for murmur evaluation and without clinical signs, and 1 presented in right-sided congestive heart failure. In 7 dogs the dissection was first documented concurrent with a diagnosis of uncorrected PDA. In the other dog, with pulmonary valve stenosis and PDA, the dissection was observed on autopsy examination 17 months after balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty and ductal closure. Median age at presentation for the 7 dogs with antemortem diagnosis of pulmonary artery dissection was 3.5 years (range, 1.5-4 years). Three dogs had the PDA surgically ligated, 2 dogs did not undergo PDA closure, 1 dog failed transcatheter occlusion of the PDA with subsequent surgical ligation, 1 dog underwent successful transcatheter device occlusion of the PDA, and 1 dog had the PDA closed by transcatheter coil delivery 17 months prior to the diagnosis of pulmonary artery dissection. The 2 dogs that did not have the PDA closed died 1 and 3 years after diagnosis due to heart failure. Conclusions Pulmonary artery dissection is a potential complication of PDA in dogs, the Weimaraner breed may be at increased risk, presentation is often in mature dogs, and closure of the PDA can be performed and appears to improve outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-119
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Canine
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Scansen, B. A., Simpson, E. M., López-Alvarez, J., Thomas, W. P., Bright, J. M., Eason, B. D., Rush, J. E., Dukes-Mcewan, J., Green, H. W., Cunningham, S. M., Visser, L. C., Kent, A. M., & Schober, K. E. (2015). Pulmonary artery dissection in eight dogs with patent ductus arteriosus. Journal of Veterinary Cardiology, 17(2), 107-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvc.2014.12.001