Psychotic experiences and religiosity: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

V. Kovess-Masfety, S. Saha, C. C.W. Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, A. Al-Hamzawi, J. Alonso, G. Borges, G. de Girolamo, P. de Jonge, K. Demyttenaere, S. Florescu, J. M. Haro, C. Hu, E. G. Karam, N. Kawakami, S. Lee, J. P. Lepine, F. Navarro-Mateu, J. C. Stagnaro, M. ten HaveM. C. Viana, R. C. Kessler, J. J. Mcgrath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample. Methods: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments. Results: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs. Conclusions: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Psychotic experiences
  • Religiosity
  • World Mental Health Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Kovess-Masfety, V., Saha, S., Lim, C. C. W., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Al-Hamzawi, A., Alonso, J., Borges, G., de Girolamo, G., de Jonge, P., Demyttenaere, K., Florescu, S., Haro, J. M., Hu, C., Karam, E. G., Kawakami, N., Lee, S., Lepine, J. P., Navarro-Mateu, F., Stagnaro, J. C., ... Mcgrath, J. J. (Accepted/In press). Psychotic experiences and religiosity: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12859