Pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling with optimized tagging efficiency

David D. Shin, Thomas T. Liu, Eric C. Wong, Ajit Shankaranarayanan, Youngkyoo Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The adiabatic inversion of blood in pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) is highly sensitive to off-resonance effects and gradient imperfections and this sensitivity can lead to tagging efficiency loss and unpredictable variations in cerebral blood flow estimates. This efficiency loss is caused by a phase tracking error between the RF pulses and the flowing spins. This article introduces a new method, referred to as Optimized PCASL (OptPCASL), that minimizes the phase tracking error by applying an additional compensation RF phase term and in-plane gradients to the PCASL pulse train. The optimal RF phase and gradient amplitudes are determined using a prescan procedure, which consists of a series of short scans interleaved with automated postprocessing routines integrated to the scanner console. The prescan procedure is shown to minimize the phase tracking error in a robust and time efficient manner. As an example of its application, the use of OptPCASL for the improved detection of functional activation in the visual cortex is demonstrated and temporal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), image SNR, and baseline cerebral blood flow measures are compared to those acquired from conventional PCASL. Magn Reson Med, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1135-1144
Number of pages10
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • arterial spin labeling
  • cerebral perfusion
  • pseudocontinuous tagging
  • tagging efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling with optimized tagging efficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this