Protein energy malnutrition in Coloured children in Western Township, Johannesburg. II. Prevalence and severity

G. Margo, Y. Baroni, M. Brindley, Ralph Green, J. Metz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anthropometric measures of growth and serum albumin and transferrin concentrations were assessed in 344 Coloured children aged from 1 to 16 years living in Western Township, Johannesburg. About one third of children were diagnosed as suffering from protein energy malnutrition (PEM) on the basis of weight for age below the 3rd percentile. The prevalence varied in different age groups, and was highest in the group aged from 5 to 8 years. A high prevalence of abnormally low head circumference measurements was found in the 1 year old children (41.2%). The severity of PEM was relatively mild, as reflected by the serum albumin and transferrin concentrations, and the almost total absence of oedema among the children. A positive association of breast feeding and income with growth was noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1241-1245
Number of pages5
JournalSouth African Medical Journal
Volume50
Issue number32
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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