Protective vaccination of ferrets against canine distemper with recombinant pox virus vaccines expressing the H or F genes of rinderpest virus

Leslie Jones, Edgar Tenorio, John Gorham, Tilahun Yilma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To investigate the ability of rinderpest virus (RPV) antigens, expressed in pox virus vectors, to protect against canine distemper virus (CDV) infection in ferrets. Animals-Ferrets (Mustela putorius; n = 27) with no previous exposure to CDV. Procedure-Ferrets were inoculated intradermally with recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing the H gene of RPV, the F gene of RPV, the H and F genes of RPV, or a fowlpox virus recombinant expressing both genes. Two ferrets were vaccinated SC with CDV vaccine as positive controls, and 1 group was left unvaccinated as a negative control. Blood was obtained from ferrets biweekly; antibody titer to RPV was detected by ELISA, and CDV antibody titer was measured by serum neutralization testing and ELISA. Results-Partial protection was seen in all groups, with vRVFH vaccination being the most protective (60%). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-A single inoculation with a vaccinia virus expressing the H and F genes of RPV was able to protect 60% of the vaccinated ferrets challenge exposed with a high dose of CDV. These results indicate the ability of RPV antigens expressed by vaccinia virus to protect ferrets against a related morbillivirus. Further, they document the safety and efficacy of a recombinant vaccinia virus vaccine for ferrets. Such vaccines may be useful given the susceptibility of ferrets to CDV and the problem of maternal antibody interfering with vaccination of young animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)590-593
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume58
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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