Prostaglandin and thromboxane concentrations in plasma and lung lavage fluids during sequential infection of vaccinated and nonvaccinated calves with bovine respiratory syncytial virus.

Laurel J Gershwin, S. N. Giri, R. S. Stewart, J. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The potential action of immunologic reactions and mediators released during the course of bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection in pathogenesis of the ensuing disease process was examined in an experimental infection study. Prostaglandin (PG) E2, PGF2 alpha 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, and thromboxane B2 (TxB2) concentrations were quantitated in plasma and lung lavage fluid by radioimmunoassay at 3- to 4-day intervals during a primary and secondary virus infection of vaccinated, nonvaccinated, and control (mock-infected) calves. A significant increase in the plasma PGE2 concentration for the nonvaccinated calves was noticed on day 3 after primary infection and on day 7 after secondary infection. The PGF2 alpha plasma concentrations increased significantly for the nonvaccinated groups on day 10 after primary infection. Plasma 6-keto-PGF1 alpha concentrations increased for nonvaccinated and vaccinated calves 3 days after the secondary infection. Plasma TxB2 concentrations during the primary exposure did not vary significantly. However, 14 days after the secondary exposure, both experimental groups had concentrations significantly greater than did the control group. Lung lavage fluid concentrations of TxB2 had peaks of activity 7 days after primary and secondary viral infections for the nonvaccinated group. Increases in plasma PG concentrations corresponded variably with disease expression, whereas plasma TxB2 concentrations did not have any correlation with disease expression. However, there was a significant correlation between TxB2 concentration in lung lavage fluid of the nonvaccinated group with disease expression 7 days after primary and secondary virus infection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1254-1262
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume50
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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