Prospective research on infants with mild encephalopathy: The PRIME study

C. Prempunpong, L. F. Chalak, J. Garfinkle, B. Shah, Vaneet K Kalra, N. Rollins, R. Boyle, K. A. Nguyen, I. Mir, A. Pappas, P. Montaldo, S. Thayyil, P. J. Sánchez, S. Shankaran, A. R. Laptook, G. Sant'anna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Objective:To determine short-term outcomes of infants with evidence of hypoxia-ischemia at birth and classified as mild neonatal encephalopathy (NE) at <6 h of age.Study Design:Prospective multicenter study. Mild NE was defined as 3/41 abnormal category in modified Sarnat score. Primary outcome was any abnormality on early amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) or seizures, abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or neurological exam at discharge.Results:A total of 54/63 (86%) of enrolled infants had data on components of the primary outcome, which was abnormal in 28/54 (52%): discontinuous aEEG (n=4), MRI (n=9) and discharge exam (n=22). Abnormal tone and/or incomplete Moro were the most common findings. MRI abnormalities were confined to cerebral cortex but two infants had basal ganglia and/or thalamus involvement. The 18 to 24 months follow-up is ongoing.Conclusions:A larger than expected proportion of mild NE infants with abnormal outcomes was observed. Future research should evaluate safety and efficacy of neuroprotection for mild NE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-85
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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