Prospective Cross-Sectional Study of Repeatability of Peripapillary Capillary Density Measurement Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Eyes with Optic Nerve and Retinal Vascular Pathology

Alexander F. Vu, Susan A. Alber, Melinda Y. Chang, Susanna S. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a new noninvasive imaging modality that provides high resolution images of the optic nerve head and peripapillary retinal capillary vasculature which can be affected by optic nerve or retinal pathologies. High repeatability of peripapillary capillary density measurement using OCTA has been demonstrated in normal eyes and eyes with glaucoma. The purpose of our study was to quantify the repeatability of peripapillary capillary density measurement using OCTA in both normal eyes and eyes with optic atrophy, optic disc edema, and retinal vasculopathy.Methods:This prospective cross-sectional study enrolled 31 patients (59 eyes) including 16 eyes with optic nerve pathology (7 with disc edema from papilledema and 9 with optic atrophy), 35 eyes with retinal vascular disease, and 8 normal eyes. All eyes were imaged twice (30 minutes apart) with the Optovue AngioVue OCTA instrument to obtain 4.5 × 4.5 mm peripapillary scans. Scans were considered good quality if signal strength was 6 or greater. The OCTA parameters obtained include the radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) density of the whole disc, inside the disc, peripapillary region, and the 4 quadrants of the disc (superior, nasal, inferior, and temporal). A Student's t test was used to compare means. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to measure repeatability.Results:Repeatability of RPC density measurements for all regions analyzed demonstrated good to excellent repeatability for the whole cohort {ICC for the whole image was 0.915 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.855-0.951)}; ICC for the peripapillary region was 0.945 (95% CI = 0.905-0.969). In the subset of eyes with good image quality (i.e., signal strength ≥ 6), ICC was slightly higher for all regions, with excellent repeatability of the peripapillary region (ICC was 0.971 [95% CI = 0.943-0.986]). Conversely, for eyes with poor image quality scans (i.e., signal strength < 6), ICC was lower, corresponding to moderate to good repeatability for most parameters. For the subset of eyes with optic atrophy, disc edema from papilledema or retinal vasculopathy, all had good to excellent repeatability of the vessel density of the entire disc (ICC values were 0.954 [95% CI = 0.804-0.990], 0.921 [95% CI = 0.711-0.982], and 0.895 [95% CI = 0.788-0.951, respectively]) and of the peripapillary region (ICC values were 0.980 [95% CI = 0.904-0.996], 0.966 [95% CI = 0.854-0.993], and 0.916 [95% CI = 0.827-0.961], respectively).Conclusions:The peripapillary capillary density measurement obtained using a commercial OCTA instrument is highly repeatable in eyes with optic nerve atrophy, disc edema from papilledema, or retinal vasculopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuro-Ophthalmology
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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