Prospective assessment of fecundability of female semiconductor workers

B. Eskenazi, Ellen B Gold, S. J. Samuels, S. Wight, B. L. Lasley, S. K. Hammond, M. O. Rasor, Marc B Schenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


To investigate a possible effect of reduced fecundability (probability of conception per menstrual cycle) among women who fabricate silicon wafers, 152 fabrication-room (fab) and 251 nonfab workers were followed for an average of five menstrual cycles. Daily urine samples were analyzed to confirm clinical spontaneous abortions (SABs) and early fetal losses (EFLs). Adjusted fecundability odds ratios (FRs) for fab workers ranged from 0.59 to 0.72 (p = 0.09-0.28 vs. nonfab). For clinical pregnancies only, the adjusted FR ranged from 0.43-0.50 (p = 0.04-0.09 vs. nonfab). This lower fecundability was most pronounced among dopants and thin-film workers [adjusted FR = 0.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.27-1.40 for all pregnancies; adjusted FR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.05-0.96 for clinical pregnancies] and in workers exposed to ethylene-based glycol ethers (adjusted FR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.11-1.19).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-831
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995


  • fertility
  • fluoride
  • glycol ethers
  • infertility
  • reproduction
  • semiconductor manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Prospective assessment of fecundability of female semiconductor workers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this