Properties of stabilizing components in foams

J. B. German

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Foams are thermodynamically unstable colloidal systems in which gas is maintained as a distinct dispersed phase in a liquid matrix. Both drainage of the much denser liquid phase and bubble coalescence are otherwise spontaneous events that must be kinetically hindered for foam stability. Drainage between lamella and through the plateau borders is impeded by fluid viscosity and interaction with the film surfaces. The kinetic barrier to bubble coalescence and rupture is provided by the dynamic interfacial viscosity and elasticity of the surfactant or polymeric films surrounding the gas bubble. The major goal in understanding the stability of foams is to reconcile the molecular properties of components in the fluid and interfacial films with their macroscopic effects on foam stability. While considerable research has been conducted on the molecular basis of foaming properties of small surfactants, these are not readily translatable to higher density foams stabilized by large polymers such as proteins. The consensus of recent research suggests that the ability of polymers to form a coherent gel-like highly elastic film at the bubble interface is critical for foam stability. Consequently, the capacity of certain components to disrupt the integrity of existing films becomes important in the destabilization of these same foams. Methodologies to examine the molecular and interfacial properties of foam components in parallel with macroscopic measurements of foam stability and drainage are essential to further advances in this field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIChE Symposium Series
EditorsPeter J. Wan
PublisherPubl by AIChE
Pages62-70
Number of pages9
Volume86
Edition277
StatePublished - 1990
Event1989 Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Nov 5 1989Nov 10 1989

Other

Other1989 Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers
CitySan Francisco, CA, USA
Period11/5/8911/10/89

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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  • Cite this

    German, J. B. (1990). Properties of stabilizing components in foams. In P. J. Wan (Ed.), AIChE Symposium Series (277 ed., Vol. 86, pp. 62-70). Publ by AIChE.