A strategic method with high speed and sensitivity is outlined for the analysis of mucin-type oligosaccharide from the jelly coat of Xenopus laevis. The method relies primarily on mass spectrometric techniques, in this case matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Fourier-transform mass spectrometry (MALDI-FTMS) and collision-induced dissociation (CID). Separation with isolation of the oligosaccharides was streamlined to couple well with mass spectrometry allowing the rapid determination of all detectable components from both neutral and anionic species. Partial structures of anionic components, composed primarily of sulfate esters, were obtained with CID. For neutral species, a method that allowed the complete structural determination using mass spectrometry was used. The method builds on the structure of small number of known compounds to determine unknown structures from the same biological source. In this example, a small number of oligosaccharides, elucidated previously by NMR, were used to develop a set of substructural motifs that were characterized by CID. The presence of the motifs in the CID spectra were then used to determine the structures of unknown compounds that were in abundances too small for NMR analysis.
- Catalog-library approach
- Collision-induced dissociation
- Fourier transform mass spectrometry
- Xenopus laevis
ASJC Scopus subject areas