Productivity outcomes following endoscopic sinus surgery for recurrent acute rhinosinusitis

Toby Steele, Kara Y. Detwiller, Jess C. MacE, E Bradley Strong, Timothy L. Smith, Jeremiah A. Alt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis We sought to evaluate preoperative and postoperative productivity losses and quality of life (QOL) impairment reported by patients with recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) as compared to patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP). Study Design Prospective, multi-institutional, nested case-control. Methods Participants with RARS (n = 20) and CRSsNP (n = 20) undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) were enrolled as part of a prospective cohort study. For comparison, participants diagnosed with RARS cases were age/gender-matched to control participants diagnosed with CRSsNP using a 1:1 ratio. Results RARS and CRSsNP participants were followed for ∼14 months postoperatively. Productivity losses were reported as the number of days missed from normal productive activities out of the previous 90 days. RARS participants reported similar baseline productivity losses (12.6 ± 27.1 [standard deviation]) as participants with CRSsNP (11.7 ± 20.9; P =.314). Postoperatively, improvement in productivity losses was similar between RARS participants and CRSsNP controls (-6.7 ± 20.0 vs. -9.8 ± 19.1; P =.253). Preoperative and postoperative disease-specific QOL measures (Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test-22 and Rhinosinusitis Disability Index) were similar between the two groups. RARS participants reported a significant decrease in days of previous antibiotic (P =.009) and nasal decongestant (P =.004) use following ESS, whereas participants with CRSsNP reported a significant decrease in antibiotic (P =.002) and oral corticosteroid use (P =.002). Conclusions RARS patients report baseline productivity losses and disease-specific QOL impairment to levels that parallel those with CRSsNP. Patients with RARS report improvement in QOL following ESS in all disease-specific QOL measures and in several medication measures. Productivity losses and postoperative improvements are similar between patients with RARS and CRSsNP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1046-1053
Number of pages8
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

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Keywords

  • case-control studies
  • medical therapy management
  • outcome assessment
  • patient outcome assessment
  • Sinusitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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