Production and transplantation of retinal cells from human and mouse embryonic stem cells

Anna La Torre Vila, Deepak A. Lamba, Anu Jayabalu, Thomas A. Reh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

26 Scopus citations


Over the last few years, numerous studies have introduced strategies for the generation of neuronal populations from embryonic stem cells. These techniques are valuable both in the study of early neurogenesis and in the generation of an unlimited source of donor cells for replacement therapies. We have developed a protocol to direct mouse and human embryonic stem cells to retinal fates by using the current model of eye specification. Our method is a multistep protocol in which the cultures are treated with IGF1 and a combination of BMP and Wnt inhibitors to promote the expression of key retinal progenitor genes, as assayed by RT-PCR and immunofluorescence microscopy. The retinal progenitor population spontaneously undergoes differentiation towards various types of retinal neurons, including photoreceptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetinal Development: Methods and Protocols
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9781617798474
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)10643745


  • Eye field
  • hES cells
  • mES cells
  • Photoreceptor
  • Retinal progenitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Medicine(all)


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