Our previous in vitro studies indicate a significant role for cell adhesion molecules in the biology of HIV-1 and HTLV-1. Confirmation of the involvement of these molecules in the pathogenesis of retrovirus infection in vivo will require a suitable animal model. The SIV/pigtailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) model of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is an ideal system in which to study adhesion molecules and viral pathogenesis. The monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against human adhesion molecules previously produced in our laboratory either do not react with or fail to block function of pigtailed macaque adhesion molecules. We have used papiovirus-transformed pigtailed macaque B cells as immunogen to generate murine MAbs against macaque adhesion molecules including ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and LFA-1. The specificity of the MAbs was confirmed by immunoprecipitation from lysates of vectorially iodinated cells, flow cytometry analysis of transfected cell lines and primary cells, binding assays on recombinant soluble human VCAM-1 and ICAM1, and by inhibition of adhesion functions. MAbs against ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 showed positive staining of fixed tissue in immunohistochemistry studies. The same antibodies also blocked the function of these two adhesion molecules. The new MAbs can be used to study the tissue expression of adhesion molecules in SIV-infected animals as well as to test the involvement of these molecules in virus infection. Thus they should prove invaluable as probes of the role of cell adhesion molecules in AIDS pathogenesis in an animal model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Oct 1999|
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