Proangiogenic collagen-binding glycan therapeutic promotes endothelial cell angiogenesis

Tanaya Walimbe, Tima Dehghani, Alena Casella, Jenny Lin, Aijun Wang, Alyssa Panitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stimulating angiogenesis during wound healing continues to present a significant clinical challenge, given the limitations of current strategies to maintain therapeutic doses of growth factors and endothelial cell efficacy. Incorporating a balance of specific cues to encourage endothelial cell engraftment and cytokines to facilitate angiogenesis is necessary for blood vessel growth in the proinflammatory wound environment. Here, we incorporate a previously designed peptide (LXW7) capable of binding to the αvβ3 integrin of endothelial cells with a dermatan sulfate glycosaminoglycan backbone grafted with collagen-binding peptides (SILY). By exploiting αvβ3 integrin-mediated VEGF signaling, we propose an alternative strategy to overcome shortcomings of traditional growth factor therapy while homing the peptide to the wound bed. In this study, we describe the synthesis and optimization of LXW7-DS-SILY (LDS) variants and evaluate their angiogenic potential in vitro and in vivo. LDS displayed binding to collagen and endothelial cells. In vitro, the LDS variant with six LXW7 peptides increased endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tubule formation through increased VEGFR2 phosphorylation compared to nontreated controls. In an in vivo chick chorioallantoic membrane assay, LDS laden collagen hydrogels increased blood vessel formation by 43% in comparison to the organism matched blank hydrogels. Overall, these findings demonstrate the potential of a robust targeted glycan therapeutic for promoting angiogenesis during wound healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3281-3292
Number of pages12
JournalACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2021

Keywords

  • Collagen
  • Endothelial cell
  • Glycan therapeutic
  • Proangiogenic
  • Wound healing
  • αvβ3 integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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