Proactive conservation management of an island-endemic bird species in the face of global change

Scott A. Morrison, T. Scott Sillett, Cameron K. Ghalambor, John W. Fitzpatrick, David M. Graber, Victoria J. Bakker, Reed Bowman, Charles T. Collins, Paul W. Collins, Kathleen Semple Delaney, Daniel F. Doak, Walter D. Koenig, Lyndal Laughrin, Alan A. Lieberman, John M. Marzluff, Mark D. Reynolds, J. Michael Scott, Jerre Ann Stallcup, Winston Vickers, Walter M Boyce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biodiversity conservation in an era of global change and scarce funding benefits from approaches that simultaneously solve multiple problems. Here, we discuss conservation management of the island scrub-jay (Aphelocoma insularis), the only island-endemic passerine species in the continental United States, which is currently restricted to 250-square-kilometer Santa Cruz Island, California. Although the species is not listed as threatened by state or federal agencies, its viability is nonetheless threatened on multiple fronts. We discuss management actions that could reduce extinction risk, including vaccination, captive propagation, biosecurity measures, and establishing a second free-living population on a neighboring island. Establishing a second population on Santa Rosa Island may have the added benefit of accelerating the restoration and enhancing the resilience of that island's currently highly degraded ecosystem. The proactive management framework for island scrub-jays presented here illustrates how strategies for species protection, ecosystem restoration, and adaptation to and mitigation of climate change can converge into an integrated solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1021
Number of pages9
JournalBioScience
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Aphelocoma insularis
  • climate adaptation
  • conservation-reliant species
  • ecosystem engineer
  • translocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Proactive conservation management of an island-endemic bird species in the face of global change'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Morrison, S. A., Sillett, T. S., Ghalambor, C. K., Fitzpatrick, J. W., Graber, D. M., Bakker, V. J., Bowman, R., Collins, C. T., Collins, P. W., Delaney, K. S., Doak, D. F., Koenig, W. D., Laughrin, L., Lieberman, A. A., Marzluff, J. M., Reynolds, M. D., Scott, J. M., Stallcup, J. A., Vickers, W., & Boyce, W. M. (2011). Proactive conservation management of an island-endemic bird species in the face of global change. BioScience, 61(12), 1013-1021. https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2011.61.12.11