Principles and Application of Range of Motion and Stretching in Companion Animals

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9 Scopus citations


Optimal function after injury, surgery, or in patients with chronic conditions requires adequate motion in joints, muscles, tendon, fascia, and skin. Range of motion and stretching exercises are commonly used in companion animal rehabilitation programs to maintain or improve motion of musculoskeletal tissues. Range of motion exercises and stretching prevent adhesions from forming, help scar tissue remodeling, may improve muscle tone, and prevent future injury from occurring. Stretching is used to avoid loss of motion or to regain lost joint motion. Stretching is done manually, using external coaptation, or using therapeutic exercises. Careful documentation of range of motion is necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-72
Number of pages16
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Contracture
  • Dog
  • Flexibility
  • Joint motion
  • Passive range of motion
  • Range of motion
  • Stretching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Medicine(all)


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