Primary bacterial peritonitis in dogs and cats

24 cases (1990-2006)

William T Culp, Tracy E. Zeldis, Michael S. Reese, Kenneth J. Drobatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective-To determine clinical characteristics of primary bacterial peritonitis (infection of the peritoneal cavity with no identifiable intraperitoneal source of infection) and compare characteristics of primary and secondary peritonitis in dogs and cats. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-24 (primary peritonitis) and 60 (secondary peritonitis) client-owned dogs and cats. Procedures-Data from medical records of dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were reviewed for descriptive information regarding primary peritonitis and for comparison between the 2 forms of peritonitis. Results-15 dogs and 9 cats met inclusion criteria for primary peritonitis, and 49 dogs and 11 cats met inclusion criteria for secondary peritonitis. The most common historical findings in dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were lethargy, vomiting, and anorexia. Dogs with secondary peritonitis more often developed peritoneal exudates than those with primary peritonitis, and dogs with primary peritonitis were more often infected with gram-positive bacteria than those with secondary peritonitis. No difference in outcome was detected between all animals with primary versus secondary peritonitis; however, dogs with secondary peritonitis treated with surgery were more commonly discharged than those with primary peritonitis treated with surgery. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Differences in primary and secondary peritonitis related to historical, physical examination, and clinical laboratory findings; bacteriologie findings; peritoneal effusion characteristics; and outcome were detected. However, larger case numbers are needed before alternative recommendations, such as avoidance of surgery, can be made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-913
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume234
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peritoneal Cavity
bacterial infections
Bacterial Infections
Cats
Dogs
cats
dogs
Infection
infection
Coinfection
surgery
secondary infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Primary bacterial peritonitis in dogs and cats : 24 cases (1990-2006). / Culp, William T; Zeldis, Tracy E.; Reese, Michael S.; Drobatz, Kenneth J.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 234, No. 7, 01.04.2009, p. 906-913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Culp, William T ; Zeldis, Tracy E. ; Reese, Michael S. ; Drobatz, Kenneth J. / Primary bacterial peritonitis in dogs and cats : 24 cases (1990-2006). In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2009 ; Vol. 234, No. 7. pp. 906-913.
@article{c619a66ff2264efe88b671ec3dd4bd5e,
title = "Primary bacterial peritonitis in dogs and cats: 24 cases (1990-2006)",
abstract = "Objective-To determine clinical characteristics of primary bacterial peritonitis (infection of the peritoneal cavity with no identifiable intraperitoneal source of infection) and compare characteristics of primary and secondary peritonitis in dogs and cats. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-24 (primary peritonitis) and 60 (secondary peritonitis) client-owned dogs and cats. Procedures-Data from medical records of dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were reviewed for descriptive information regarding primary peritonitis and for comparison between the 2 forms of peritonitis. Results-15 dogs and 9 cats met inclusion criteria for primary peritonitis, and 49 dogs and 11 cats met inclusion criteria for secondary peritonitis. The most common historical findings in dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were lethargy, vomiting, and anorexia. Dogs with secondary peritonitis more often developed peritoneal exudates than those with primary peritonitis, and dogs with primary peritonitis were more often infected with gram-positive bacteria than those with secondary peritonitis. No difference in outcome was detected between all animals with primary versus secondary peritonitis; however, dogs with secondary peritonitis treated with surgery were more commonly discharged than those with primary peritonitis treated with surgery. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Differences in primary and secondary peritonitis related to historical, physical examination, and clinical laboratory findings; bacteriologie findings; peritoneal effusion characteristics; and outcome were detected. However, larger case numbers are needed before alternative recommendations, such as avoidance of surgery, can be made.",
author = "Culp, {William T} and Zeldis, {Tracy E.} and Reese, {Michael S.} and Drobatz, {Kenneth J.}",
year = "2009",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2460/javma.234.7.906",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "234",
pages = "906--913",
journal = "Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association",
issn = "0003-1488",
publisher = "American Veterinary Medical Association",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Primary bacterial peritonitis in dogs and cats

T2 - 24 cases (1990-2006)

AU - Culp, William T

AU - Zeldis, Tracy E.

AU - Reese, Michael S.

AU - Drobatz, Kenneth J.

PY - 2009/4/1

Y1 - 2009/4/1

N2 - Objective-To determine clinical characteristics of primary bacterial peritonitis (infection of the peritoneal cavity with no identifiable intraperitoneal source of infection) and compare characteristics of primary and secondary peritonitis in dogs and cats. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-24 (primary peritonitis) and 60 (secondary peritonitis) client-owned dogs and cats. Procedures-Data from medical records of dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were reviewed for descriptive information regarding primary peritonitis and for comparison between the 2 forms of peritonitis. Results-15 dogs and 9 cats met inclusion criteria for primary peritonitis, and 49 dogs and 11 cats met inclusion criteria for secondary peritonitis. The most common historical findings in dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were lethargy, vomiting, and anorexia. Dogs with secondary peritonitis more often developed peritoneal exudates than those with primary peritonitis, and dogs with primary peritonitis were more often infected with gram-positive bacteria than those with secondary peritonitis. No difference in outcome was detected between all animals with primary versus secondary peritonitis; however, dogs with secondary peritonitis treated with surgery were more commonly discharged than those with primary peritonitis treated with surgery. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Differences in primary and secondary peritonitis related to historical, physical examination, and clinical laboratory findings; bacteriologie findings; peritoneal effusion characteristics; and outcome were detected. However, larger case numbers are needed before alternative recommendations, such as avoidance of surgery, can be made.

AB - Objective-To determine clinical characteristics of primary bacterial peritonitis (infection of the peritoneal cavity with no identifiable intraperitoneal source of infection) and compare characteristics of primary and secondary peritonitis in dogs and cats. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-24 (primary peritonitis) and 60 (secondary peritonitis) client-owned dogs and cats. Procedures-Data from medical records of dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were reviewed for descriptive information regarding primary peritonitis and for comparison between the 2 forms of peritonitis. Results-15 dogs and 9 cats met inclusion criteria for primary peritonitis, and 49 dogs and 11 cats met inclusion criteria for secondary peritonitis. The most common historical findings in dogs and cats with primary and secondary peritonitis were lethargy, vomiting, and anorexia. Dogs with secondary peritonitis more often developed peritoneal exudates than those with primary peritonitis, and dogs with primary peritonitis were more often infected with gram-positive bacteria than those with secondary peritonitis. No difference in outcome was detected between all animals with primary versus secondary peritonitis; however, dogs with secondary peritonitis treated with surgery were more commonly discharged than those with primary peritonitis treated with surgery. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Differences in primary and secondary peritonitis related to historical, physical examination, and clinical laboratory findings; bacteriologie findings; peritoneal effusion characteristics; and outcome were detected. However, larger case numbers are needed before alternative recommendations, such as avoidance of surgery, can be made.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=64549135479&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=64549135479&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2460/javma.234.7.906

DO - 10.2460/javma.234.7.906

M3 - Article

VL - 234

SP - 906

EP - 913

JO - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SN - 0003-1488

IS - 7

ER -