We analyzed 226 strains of Clostridium difficile for the presence of erythromycin ribosomal methylase B (ermB) genes. Forty-four strains (19.4%) carried ermB genes and were resistant to erythromycin. Toxin A and toxin B gene sequences were identified in 81.9% of these 44 strains. Strains of C. difficile that carry ermB genes are common etiologic agents of C. defficile-associated diarrhea.
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