Prevalence of smoking and drinking among older adults in seven urban cities in Latin America and the Caribbean

Sunny H Kim, Mario De La Rosa, Christopher P. Rice, Jorge Delva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 2000, a representative sample of the elderly population (60 years or older) was selected from seven urban cities in Latin America and the Caribbean: Buenos Aires (Argentina), Mexico City (Mexico), Santiago (Chile), Havana (Cuba), Montevideo (Uruguay), Bridgetown (Barbados), and Sao Paulo (Brazil). A face-to-face interview was uniformly administered in the respective official languages. A total of 10,577 older adults were included in this study. The elderly in Havana had the highest prevalence of smoking (46.5% of men and 21.5% women). The highest prevalence of daily drinking was in Buenos Aires (19%). In contrast, only 1.5% of respondents in Mexico City and 2.3% of respondents in Havana consumed alcohol daily. Smoking and daily drinking were highly prevalent among older adults. As the older adult population grows steeply, the health behavior of this population starts carrying important implications for health care systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1455-1475
Number of pages21
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Caribbean
  • Elderly
  • Health behaviors
  • Latin America
  • Life expectancy
  • Risk behavior
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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