Prevalence of pituitary tumors among diabetic cats with insulin resistance

Denise A. Elliott, Edward C Feldman, Philip D. Koblik, Valerie F. Samii, Richard W Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To determine prevalence of pituitary tumors, detectable by means of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, in cats with insulin resistance suspected to have acromegaly or hyperadrenocorticism versus cats with well-controlled diabetes mellitus. Design - Case series. Animals - 16 cats with insulin resistance that were also suspected to have acromegaly 〈n = 12〉 or pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (4) and 8 cats with well-controlled diabetes mellitus. Procedure - Computed tomography was performed on all 16 cats with insulin resistance and 2 cats in which diabetes mellitus was well-controlled. The remaining 6 cats in which diabetes mellitus was well-controlled underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Images were obtained before and immediately after IV administration of contrast medium. Results - Computed tomography revealed a mass in the region of the pituitary gland in all 16 cats with insulin resistance. Maximum width of the masses ranged from 4.4 to 12.7 mm; maximum height ranged from 3.1 to 12.6 mm. Results of computed tomography performed on 2 cats with well-controlled diabetes and magnetic resonance imaging performed on the remaining 6 cats were considered normal. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Results suggest that cats with insulin resistance suspected to have acromegaly or pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism are likely to have a pituitary mass detectable by means of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1765-1768
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume216
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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