Prevalence of Bartonella species, hemoplasmas, and Rickettsia felis DNA in blood and fleas of cats in Bangkok, Thailand

S. Assarasakorn, J. K. Veir, J. R. Hawley, M. M. Brewer, A. K. Morris, Ashley E Hill, M. R. Lappin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flea infestations are common in Thailand, but little is known about the flea-borne infections. Fifty flea pools and 153 blood samples were collected from client-owned cats between June and August 2009 from veterinary hospitals in Bangkok, Thailand. Total DNA was extracted from all samples, and then assessed by conventional PCR assays. The prevalence rates of Bartonella spp. in blood and flea samples were 17% and 32%, respectively, with DNA of Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae being amplified most commonly. Bartonella koehlerae DNA was amplified for the first time in Thailand. Hemoplasma DNA was amplified from 23% and 34% of blood samples and flea pools, respectively, with '. Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' and Mycoplasma haemofelis being detected most frequently. All samples were negative for Rickettsia felis. Prevalence rate of B. henselae DNA was increased 6.9 times in cats with flea infestation. Cats administered flea control products were 4.2 times less likely to be Bartonella-infected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1213-1216
Number of pages4
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Bartonella
  • Cat
  • Ctenocephalides
  • Hemoplasma
  • Thailand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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