Prevalence of Bartonella species and 16s rRNA gene types of Bartonella henselae from domestic cats in Thailand

S. Maruyama, T. Sakai, Y. Morita, S. Tanaka, H. Kabeya, S. Boonmar, A. Poapolathep, T. Chalarmchaikit, C. C. Chang, R. W. Kasten, Bruno B Chomel, Y. Katsube

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prevalence of Bartonella infection among 275 cats in 9 sites from 4 geographical regions (northern area: Chiang Mai; central area: Kanchanaburi, Ratchaburi, and Bangkok; northeastern area: Khon Kaen, Roi Et, Ubon Ratcharthani, and Nakhonratchasima; southern area: Songkhla) of Thailand was investigated. Overall, Bartonella species were isolated from 27.6% (76 of 275) of the cats. The isolation rate varied from 12.8% (5 of 39) in Songkhla (southern area) to 50.0% (26 of 52) in Khon Kaen (northeastern area). Bartonella henselae and B. clarridgeiae were isolated from 82.9% (63 of 76) and 11.8% (9 of 76) of the Bartonella-positive cats, respectively. Coinfection with both species was found in 5.3% (4 of 76) of the bacteremic cats. Of the 67 bacteremic cats from which B. henselae was isolated, 48 (71.6%) and 13 (19.4%) were infected with only Type I and Type II, respectively. Coinfection with both types was observed in 9.0% (6 of 67) of the B. henselae-positive cats. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the presence of Bartonella infection in domestic cats from Thailand, which constitute a large reservoir of Bartonella infection in this country.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-787
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume65
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Maruyama, S., Sakai, T., Morita, Y., Tanaka, S., Kabeya, H., Boonmar, S., Poapolathep, A., Chalarmchaikit, T., Chang, C. C., Kasten, R. W., Chomel, B. B., & Katsube, Y. (2001). Prevalence of Bartonella species and 16s rRNA gene types of Bartonella henselae from domestic cats in Thailand. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 65(6), 783-787.