Prevalence of and risk factors for Salmonella in water offered to weaned dairy calves in California, USA

John Kirk, Edward R Atwill, Charles Holmberg, Marit Arana, Carol Collar, Dayna Ghirardelli, Gerry Higginbotham, Gary Markagaard, Denise Mullinax, Abraham Wubishet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Water from troughs used by weaned dairy calves was sampled on California, USA dairies to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for Salmonella contamination. Salmonella were found on 4 of 48 dairies (4/82 water samples) in fall 1998 and on 8 of the same 37 dairies (8/83 water samples) in summer, 1999. Serotypes isolated from the water were Salmonella meleagridis and Salmonella typhimurium. Primary risk factors associated with the increased prevalence of Salmonella in water offered to weaned dairy calves were a continuous water tank-filling method compared to a valve (an "on-demand" procedure) and a water pH > 8.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages10
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 25 2002

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Keywords

  • Calves
  • Risk factors
  • Salmonella
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Kirk, J., Atwill, E. R., Holmberg, C., Arana, M., Collar, C., Ghirardelli, D., Higginbotham, G., Markagaard, G., Mullinax, D., & Wubishet, A. (2002). Prevalence of and risk factors for Salmonella in water offered to weaned dairy calves in California, USA. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 54(2), 169-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877(02)00025-9