Prevalence and genetic diversity of Bartonella species in sika deer (Cervus nippon) in Japan

Shingo Sato, Hidenori Kabeya, Mari Yamazaki, Shinako Takeno, Kazuo Suzuki, Shinichi Kobayashi, Kousaku Souma, Takayoshi Masuko, Bruno B Chomel, Soichi Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We report the first description of Bartonella prevalence and genetic diversity in 64 Honshu sika deer (. Cervus nippon centralis) and 18 Yezo sika deer (. Cervus nippon yesoensis) in Japan. Overall, Bartonella bacteremia prevalence was 41.5% (34/82). The prevalence in wild deer parasitized with ticks and deer keds was 61.8% (34/55), whereas no isolates were detected in captive deer (0/27) free of ectoparasites. The isolates belonged to 11 genogroups based on a combination of the gltA and rpoB gene sequences. Phylogenetic analysis of concatenated sequences of the ftsZ, gltA, ribC, and rpoB genes of 11 representative isolates showed that Japanese sika deer harbor three Bartonella species, including B. capreoli and two novel Bartonella species. All Yezo deer's isolates were identical to B. capreoli B28980 strain isolated from an elk in the USA, based on the sequences of the ftsZ, gltA, and rpoB genes. In contrast, the isolates from Honshu deer showed a higher genetic diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-581
Number of pages7
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2012


  • Bartonella
  • Deer
  • Japan
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • veterinary(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and genetic diversity of Bartonella species in sika deer (Cervus nippon) in Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this