We report the first description of Bartonella prevalence and genetic diversity in 64 Honshu sika deer (. Cervus nippon centralis) and 18 Yezo sika deer (. Cervus nippon yesoensis) in Japan. Overall, Bartonella bacteremia prevalence was 41.5% (34/82). The prevalence in wild deer parasitized with ticks and deer keds was 61.8% (34/55), whereas no isolates were detected in captive deer (0/27) free of ectoparasites. The isolates belonged to 11 genogroups based on a combination of the gltA and rpoB gene sequences. Phylogenetic analysis of concatenated sequences of the ftsZ, gltA, ribC, and rpoB genes of 11 representative isolates showed that Japanese sika deer harbor three Bartonella species, including B. capreoli and two novel Bartonella species. All Yezo deer's isolates were identical to B. capreoli B28980 strain isolated from an elk in the USA, based on the sequences of the ftsZ, gltA, and rpoB genes. In contrast, the isolates from Honshu deer showed a higher genetic diversity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - Dec 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Immunology and Allergy