Pretherapy 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography robust radiomic features predict overall survival in non-small cell lung cancer

Rehab Mostafa, Ahmed Abdelsamie Kandeel, Maha Abd Elkareem, Lorenzo Nardo, Yasser G. Abdelhafez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To extract robust radiomic features from staging positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F- fluroodeoxyglucose PET/CT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer from different segmentation methods and to assess their association with 2-year overall survival. METHODS: Eighty-one patients with stage I-IV non-small cell lung cancer were included. All patients underwent a pretherapy 18F-FDG PET/CT. Primary tumors were delineated using four different segmentation methods: method 1, manual; method 2: manual with peripheral 1 mm erosion; method 3: absolute threshold at standardized uptake value (SUV) 2.5; and method 4: relative threshold at 40% SUVmax. Radiomic features from each method were extracted using Image Biomarker Standardization Initiative-compliant process. The study cohort was divided into two groups (exploratory and testing) in a ratio of 1:2 (n = 25 and n = 56, respectively). Exploratory cohort was used to identify robust radiomic features, defined as having a minimum concordance correlation coefficient ≥0.75 among all the 4-segmentation methods. The resulting texture features were evaluated for association with 2-year overall survival in the testing cohort (n = 56). All patients in the testing cohort had a follow-up for 2 years from the date of staging 18F-FDG PET/CT scan or till death. Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: Exploratory and validation cohorts were equivalent regarding their basic characteristics (age, sex, and tumor stage). Ten radiomic features were deemed robust to the described four segmentation methods: SUV SD, SUVmax, SUVQ3, SUVpeak in 0.5 ml, total lesion glycolysis, histogram entropy log 2, histogram entropy log 10, histogram energy uniformity, gray level run length matrix-gray level non-uniformity, and gray level zone length matrix-gray level non-uniformity. At the end of 2-year follow-up, 41 patients were dead and 15 were still alive (overall survival = 26.8%; median survival = 14.7 months, 95% confidence interval: 10.2-19.2 months). Three texture features, regardless the segmentation method, were associated with 2-year overall survival: total lesion glycolysis, gray level run length matrix_gray level non-uniformity, and gray level zone length matrix_run-length non-uniformity. In the final Cox-regression model: total lesion glycolysis, and gray level zone length matrix_gray level non-uniformity were independent prognostic factors. The quartiles from the two features were combined with clinical staging in a prognostic model that allowed better risk stratification of patients for overall survival. CONCLUSION: Ten radiomic features were robust to segmentation methods and two of them (total lesion glycolysis and gray level zone length matrix_gray level non-uniformity) were independently associated with 2-year overall survival. Together with the clinical staging, these features could be utilized towards improved risk stratification of lung cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-548
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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