Background:Prematurity is often complicated by respiratory support, including invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and noninvasive support (NIS). Compared with IMV, NIS reduces injury to the lung and brain. Prematurity may also disrupt glomerular architecture. Whether NIS differentially affects glomerular architecture is incompletely understood. We hypothesized that IMV would lead to greater disruption of glomerular architecture than NIS.Methods:This is a secondary analysis of kidneys from moderately preterm lambs delivered at ∼131 d gestation (term ∼150 d) that had antenatal steroid exposure and surfactant treatment before resuscitation by IMV. At ∼3 h of age, half of the lambs were switched to NIS. Support was for 3 d or 21 d. Structural indices of glomerular architecture were quantified.Results:The number of glomerular generations was unaffected by moderate preterm birth and respiratory support, either IMV or NIS. At 3 d and 21 d of IMV or NIS, glomerular capillary surface density was not different. Glomerular capillary surface density was significantly lower in the inner and outer cortex compared with unventilated gestation age-matched or postnatal age-matched reference lambs.Conclusion:Moderate preterm birth and invasive or noninvasive respiratory support decreases glomerular capillarization in the lamb kidney. This adverse effect on glomerular development may contribute to increased risk for adult-onset hypertension and renal dysfunction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health