Purpose: To evaluate the use of time-resolved magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in the presurgical localization of the artery of Adamkiewicz prior to reimplantation of the feeding intercostal artery, lumbar artery, or both during aortic aneurysm repair. Materials and Methods: This institutional review board-approved retrospective study included 68 patients (36 men, 32 women) who underwent time-resolved spinal MR angiography (0.2 mmol per kilogram of body weight gadobenate dimeglumine administered at a rate of 2.0 mL per second) performed with a 3.0-T imager with a dedicated eight-element spine coil. Images were reviewed at a three-dimensional workstation by two experienced radiologists in consensus. The artery of Adamkiewicz was identified, and the location of the feeding intercostal and/or lumbar artery was ascertained by using a five-point confidence index (scores ranged from 1 to 5). The phases in which the artery of Adamkiewicz, aorta, and great anterior radiculomedullary vein (GARV) demonstrated peak enhancement were also recorded. Results: The artery of Adamkiewicz and the location of the feeding intercostal and/or lumbar artery were identified with high confidence in 60 (88%) of the 68 patients. Origins of the artery of Adamkiewicz were on the left side of the body in 65% of patients and on the right side in 35%. The level of origin ranged from the T6 neuroforamina to the L1 neuro-foramina. The arrival of contrast material was highly variable in this patient population, which had substantial aortic disease. The highest signal intensity in the aorta, artery of Adamkiewicz, and GARV occurred a mean of 55 seconds (range, 27-99 seconds; 95% confidence interval [CI] 51, 58), 72 seconds (range, 38-110 seconds; 95% CI: 68, 76), and 95 seconds (range, 46-156 seconds; 95% CI: 89, 101) after contrast material administration, respectively. Conclusion: The artery of Adamkiewicz and the anterior spinal artery can be identified and differentiated from the GARV even in patients with substantially altered hemodynamics by using time-resolved 3.0-T MR angiography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging