Presentation Mode of Glycans Affect Recognition of Human Serum anti-Neu5Gc IgG Antibodies

Salam Bashir, Shani Leviatan Ben Arye, Eliran Moshe Reuven, Hai Yu, Cristina Costa, Manuel Galinanes, Tomaso Bottio, Xi Chen, Vered Padler-Karavani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Recognition of carbohydrates by antibodies can be affected by antigen composition and density. This had been investigated in a variety of controllable multivalent systems using synthetic carbohydrate antigens, yet such effects on anticarbohydrate antibodies in circulating human serum have not been fully addressed thus far. All humans develop a polyclonal and diverse response against carbohydrates containing a nonhuman sialic acid form, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). This red meat-derived monosaccharide is incorporated into a diverse collection of human glycans resulting in circulating anti-Neu5Gc antibodies in human sera. Such antibodies can cause exacerbation of diseases mediated by chronic inflammation such as cancer and atherosclerosis. We aimed to evaluate how different presentation modes of Neu5Gc-glycans can affect the detection of anti-Neu5Gc IgGs in human serum. Here, we compare serum IgG recognition of Neu5Gc-containing glycoproteins, glycopeptides, and synthetic glycans. First, Neu5Gc-positive or Neu5Gc-deficient mouse strains were used to generate glycopeptides from serum glycoproteins. Then we developed a reproducible ELISA to screen human sera against Neu5Gc-positive glycopeptides for detection of human serum anti-Neu5Gc IgGs. Finally, we evaluated ELISA screens against glycopeptides in comparison with glycoproteins, as well as against elaborated arrays displaying synthetic Neu5Gc-glycans. Our results demonstrate that the presentation mode and diversity of Neu5Gc-glycans are critical for detection of the full collection of human serum anti-Neu5Gc IgGs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 16 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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