To improve the knowledge on the risk of transmission of the caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) during embryo manipulations, we conducted a double-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for CAEV proviral-DNA on flushing media recovered from the oviducts 48 h after the beginning of estrus and on blood from 89 donor does. Sixty-four does had negative blood and flushing media by PCR. Among the 25 CAEV infected goats (blood PCR positive), 11 were PCR flushing media positive (P < 0.01). Cell lysate from flushing media samples that were PCR positive were serially diluted 10 times at 1:100. Starting with the second 1:100 dilution all the cell lysate samples were PCR negative. The mean number of embryos recovered was not significantly different between goats with flushing media PCR positive and goats with flushing media PCR negative (6.0 ± 5.4 versus 7.8 ± 4.4, respectively: mean ± S.D.) nor between goats with blood PCR positive and goats with blood PCR negative (7.0 ± 5.0 versus 5.9 ± 5.3: mean ± S.D.). The presence of CAEV infected cells in oviductal flushing media from infected donor does was indicated for the first time during this study. The absence of flushing media PCR positive for goat blood PCR negative seemed to allow the use of the blood PCR test to confidently predict the absence of CAEV provirus in the oviductal fluid.
- Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus
- Flushing media
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology