Traditional surgical practice and published consensus statements from major vascular surgery specialty societies have considered contrast arteriography to be a routine part of the diagnostic evaluation prior to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). However, some surgeons now omit routine preoperative arteriography if a technically adequate carotid duplex scan is performed and indications for CEA are clear. To better establish current practice patterns and to characterize vascular surgeons' opinions about the role of preoperative arteriography, the Peripheral Vascular Surgery Society membership was surveyed by mail. Eighty-six percent of the members responded (430 of 502). Ninety-three percent of all patients considered for CEA are evaluated with duplex scanning; 82% with arteriography. While the majority of surgeons typically obtain both a duplex scan and an arteriogram, 70% have performed CEA without a preoperative arteriogram. Brain imaging studies (CT or MRI) are obtained in 26% and MR angiograms in 10% of cases. Seventy-five percent of the surgeons agreed with the statement that CEA without preoperative arteriography is an acceptable practice if appropriate indications for surgery are present. Furthermore, one third believed that CEA without a preoperative arteriogram is generally acceptable (acceptable more than half the time). Respondents were stratified by surgical experience time in practice and practice type. No significant differences in responses were found, suggesting the acceptance of CEA without preoperative arteriography is broad-based. This survey demonstrates changing attitudes among practicing vascular surgeons regarding the necessity for routine arteriography prior to CEA. Carotid endarterectomy on the basis of duplex scanning and clinical assessment should be considered an accepted alternative.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine