Preoperative evaluation of patient anatomy to increase success of robotics-assisted bypass surgery

Ana Luisa Trejos, Ian Ross, Carlie Scalesse, Rajni V. Patel, Michael D. Naish, Bob Kiaii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective: Robotics-assisted endoscopic atraumatic coronary artery bypass has been shown to be effective in reducing surgical morbidity and length of hospital stay. Unfortunately, the criteria for selecting eligible patients for this procedure are still primitive. This has motivated the use of preoperative computed tomography scans to establish patient eligibility. The objective of this study is to establish which image measurements can be correlated to procedure success. Methods: A retrospective study was performed in 144 patients who underwent robotics-assisted coronary bypass surgery. After an initial set of 55 patients, preoperative computed tomography scans of the other patients were used to obtain patient specific measurements: the lateral distance between the midline of the sternum to the left anterior descending coronary artery and its depth from the skin surface, anteroposterior diameter of the thoracic cavity, and the transverse diameter of the thoracic cavity. The procedures were rated as successful if completed in a minimally invasive manner. Different combinations of the variables were evaluated and correlated with success. Results: A strong correlation was found between success rate and the ratio of the lateral distance to the transverse diameter in the female patients only (0.532, P = 0.006). A ratio of less than 0.20 significantly increased the occurrence of conversion during this procedure in female cases. Conclusions: The lateral distance of the left anterior descending coronary artery from the midline divided by the transverse thoracic width of a female patient shows a significant correlation with procedure success. No significant correlations were found for male patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-340
Number of pages6
JournalInnovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Image guidance
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Robotics-assisted cardiac surgery
  • Surgical planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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