Prenatal intraabdominal bowel dilation is associated with postnatal gastrointestinal complications in fetuses with gastroschisis

Nancy G. Huh, Shinjiro Hirose, Ruth B. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether prenatal intraabdominal bowel dilation (IBD) is associated with increased postnatal complications in fetuses with gastroschisis. Study Design: A retrospective review was performed on all maternal-fetus pairs with prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis that was treated at the University of California San Francisco from 2002-2008. Postnatal outcomes were compared between fetuses with and without IBD. Results: Forty-three of 61 maternal-fetal pairs met the criteria for inclusion. Sixteen fetuses (37%) had evidence of IBD. Fetuses with IBD were significantly more likely to have postnatal bowel complications (38% vs 7%; P = .037). The presence of multiple loops of IBD (n = 6) as opposed to a single loop (n = 10) was associated highly with bowel complications and increased time to full enteral feeding and length of hospital stay (100% vs 0% [P = .001]; 44 vs 23 days [P = .034]; 69 vs 27 days [P = .001], respectively). Conclusion: IBD is associated with increased postnatal complications in infants with prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis; however, this association seems to be limited to those with multiple loops of dilated intraabdominal bowel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume202
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gastroschisis
Dilatation
Fetus
Length of Stay
Mothers
San Francisco
Enteral Nutrition

Keywords

  • bowel complication
  • fetus
  • gastroschisis
  • intraabdominal bowel dilation
  • postnatal outcome
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

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title = "Prenatal intraabdominal bowel dilation is associated with postnatal gastrointestinal complications in fetuses with gastroschisis",
abstract = "Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether prenatal intraabdominal bowel dilation (IBD) is associated with increased postnatal complications in fetuses with gastroschisis. Study Design: A retrospective review was performed on all maternal-fetus pairs with prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis that was treated at the University of California San Francisco from 2002-2008. Postnatal outcomes were compared between fetuses with and without IBD. Results: Forty-three of 61 maternal-fetal pairs met the criteria for inclusion. Sixteen fetuses (37{\%}) had evidence of IBD. Fetuses with IBD were significantly more likely to have postnatal bowel complications (38{\%} vs 7{\%}; P = .037). The presence of multiple loops of IBD (n = 6) as opposed to a single loop (n = 10) was associated highly with bowel complications and increased time to full enteral feeding and length of hospital stay (100{\%} vs 0{\%} [P = .001]; 44 vs 23 days [P = .034]; 69 vs 27 days [P = .001], respectively). Conclusion: IBD is associated with increased postnatal complications in infants with prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis; however, this association seems to be limited to those with multiple loops of dilated intraabdominal bowel.",
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