Preliminary investigation of alterations in blood viscosity, cellular composition, and electrophoresis plasma protein fraction profile after competitive racing activity in Thoroughbred horses.

C. P. Coyne, Gary Carlson, M. S. Spensley, J. Smith

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Abstract

In this preliminary investigation, various hematologic variables potentially influential in determining the degree of blood viscosity were evaluated in 10 Thoroughbred horses subjected to competitive acute running exercise. Following completion of sprints over a distance of 1.25 miles, mean percent (+/- SD) increases in PCV (38.3 +/- 12.9%), RBC (47.8 +/- 15.3%), and rouleaux index (232.7 +/- 176.8%) were recognized. Simultaneous increases in total plasma protein (28.3 +/- 5.31%), serum albumin (26.7 +/- 6.80%), alpha 1-globulin (60.0 +/- 49.0%), alpha 2-globulin (25.5 +/- 27.9%), beta 1-globulin (46.7 +/- 21.1%), beta 2-globulin (35.0 +/- 50.6%), gamma 1- and 2-globulins (38.7 +/- 29.6%), and plasma fibrinogen (12.5 +/- 10.4%) concentrations increased simultaneously. Horses also had consistent decreases in albumin:globulin ratio (-10.0 +/- 7.43%). Alterations in these hematologic values after acute running exercise in Thoroughbred horses accompanied increases in serum (69.3 +/- 39.7%), plasma (39.7 +/- 11.9%), and blood (134.7 +/- 55.3%) viscosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1956-1963
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume51
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

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blood viscosity
Blood Viscosity
Beta-Globulins
Alpha-Globulins
globulins
Horses
blood proteins
electrophoresis
Electrophoresis
Globulins
horses
Running
Exercise
Viscosity
Serum Albumin
Fibrinogen
Blood Proteins
Albumins
exercise
fibrinogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Preliminary investigation of alterations in blood viscosity, cellular composition, and electrophoresis plasma protein fraction profile after competitive racing activity in Thoroughbred horses.",
abstract = "In this preliminary investigation, various hematologic variables potentially influential in determining the degree of blood viscosity were evaluated in 10 Thoroughbred horses subjected to competitive acute running exercise. Following completion of sprints over a distance of 1.25 miles, mean percent (+/- SD) increases in PCV (38.3 +/- 12.9{\%}), RBC (47.8 +/- 15.3{\%}), and rouleaux index (232.7 +/- 176.8{\%}) were recognized. Simultaneous increases in total plasma protein (28.3 +/- 5.31{\%}), serum albumin (26.7 +/- 6.80{\%}), alpha 1-globulin (60.0 +/- 49.0{\%}), alpha 2-globulin (25.5 +/- 27.9{\%}), beta 1-globulin (46.7 +/- 21.1{\%}), beta 2-globulin (35.0 +/- 50.6{\%}), gamma 1- and 2-globulins (38.7 +/- 29.6{\%}), and plasma fibrinogen (12.5 +/- 10.4{\%}) concentrations increased simultaneously. Horses also had consistent decreases in albumin:globulin ratio (-10.0 +/- 7.43{\%}). Alterations in these hematologic values after acute running exercise in Thoroughbred horses accompanied increases in serum (69.3 +/- 39.7{\%}), plasma (39.7 +/- 11.9{\%}), and blood (134.7 +/- 55.3{\%}) viscosity.",
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AU - Smith, J.

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