Purpose To determine whether the predonation computed tomography (CT)-based volume of the future remnant kidney is predictive of postdonation renal function in living kidney donors. Materials and Methods This institutional review board-approved, retrospective, HIPAA-compliant study included 126 live kidney donors who had undergone predonation renal CT between January 2007 and December 2014 as well as 2-year postdonation measurement of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The whole kidney volume and cortical volume of the future remnant kidney were measured and standardized for body surface area (BSA). Bivariate linear associations between the ratios of whole kidney volume to BSA and cortical volume to BSA were obtained. A linear regression model for 2-year postdonation eGFR that incorporated donor age, sex, and either whole kidney volume-to-BSA ratio or cortical volume-to-BSA ratio was created, and the coefficient of determination (R2) for the model was calculated. Factors not statistically additive in assessing 2-year eGFR were removed by using backward elimination, and the coefficient of determination for this parsimonious model was calculated. Results Correlation was slightly better for cortical volume-to-BSA ratio than for whole kidney volume-to-BSA ratio (r = 0.48 vs r = 0.44, respectively). The linear regression model incorporating all donor factors had an R2 of 0.66. The only factors that were significantly additive to the equation were cortical volume-to-BSA ratio and predonation eGFR (P = .01 and P < .01, respectively), and the final parsimonious linear regression model incorporating these two variables explained almost the same amount of variance (R2 = 0.65) as did the full model. Conclusion The cortical volume of the future remnant kidney helped predict postdonation eGFR at 2 years. The cortical volume-to-BSA ratio should thus be considered for addition as an important variable to living kidney donor evaluation and selection guidelines.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging