OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) after 20 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of all deliveries at three North Carolina hospitals between 1990 and 1993. A total of 7403 deliveries remained after exclusions (pre-pregnancy diabetes, HIV-positive, structural urologic abnormalities, no prenatal care) and restrictions (black or white race, county of residence). Cystitis and pyelonephritis were identified by clinician diagnosis. Multiple logistic regression was conducted. RESULTS: Prior UTIs (both before and earlier in pregnancy), nonprivale clinics, and a history of chlamydia (white women only) doubled the risk of symptomatic UTIs after 20 weeks' gestation. The strongest predictor of pyelonephritis was prior antenatal UTIs (adjusted incidence odds ratio = 5.3,95% confidence interval of 2.6-11.0), followed by less education (<12 years), a history of chlamydia, nonprivate clinics, illicit drug use, sickle cell hemoglobinopathy, and being unmarried. CONCLUSION: Medical history and demographic factors predict cystitis and pyelonephritis after 20 weeks' gestation. Prospective studies of pyelonephritis predictors and screening strategies are warranted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Perinatology|
|State||Published - Oct 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health