Early in the course of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), therapies that may harm patients who develop left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, such as β-blockers, are often administered. The investigators analyzed the ACTIVATE-SF database, a registry of consecutive STEMI activations presenting to 2 medical centers at the University of California, San Francisco. LV dysfunction was defined as an ejection fraction ≤40% on echocardiography. Of 211 patients included in the analysis, 66 (31%) had LV ejection fractions ≤40%. Patients with LV dysfunction were older (63 ± 15 vs 56 ± 13 years, p = 0.002). In multivariate regression models, decreased renal function (reference group, creatinine <1.0 mg/dl; adjusted odds ratio [AOR] creatinine >1.5 mg/dl 6.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.66 to 24.31, p = 0.007), a history of coronary artery disease (AOR 3.12, 95% CI 1.26 to 7.71, p = 0.014), ST-segment elevation >2 mm on 12-lead electrocardiography (AOR 2.78, 95% CI 1.31 to 5.87, p = 0.008), and need for mechanical ventilation (AOR 3.98, 95% CI 1.41 to 11.19, p = 0.009) increased the odds of LV dysfunction. Inferior ST-segment elevations were associated with 88% decreased odds of LV dysfunction (AOR 0.12, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.35, p <0.001). A prediction score using these characteristics stratified patients into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups for LV dysfunction; positive likelihood ratios for LV dysfunction in these groups were 0.07, 1.14, and 4.93, respectively. In conclusion, 5 key predictors of in-hospital LV dysfunction after STEMI were identified; a risk score based on these predictors helps to quickly identify patients presenting with STEMI who are at the highest risk for developing significant LV dysfunction and could guide optimal therapeutic choices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine