Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults

Mariana Peralta-Brenes, José M. Briceño-Torres, Yamileth Chacón-Araya, José Moncada-Jiménez, Mónica Salazar-Villanea, David K Johnson, Cinthya Campos-Salazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: The peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is considered a valid indicator of the cardiovascular system function, and when measured on a metabolic cart it is considered the gold standard for cardiorespiratory fitness. Prediction equations have been developed to indirectly determine VO2 peak; however, there are no equations specific to Costa Rican older adults. Aim: To develop a VO2peak prediction equation for Costa Rican adults over 60 years using the distance achieved on the Six minutes Walking Test (6MWT) and anthropometrical measures. Materials and Methods: Seventy-nine adults (Mean age=68.8±4.79 yr.) read and signed the informed consent, then scanned on DXA for body composition, then measured the HR before and after the 6MWT. Following a 10-minutes recovery period from the 6MWT, they performed a VO2peak treadmill test with breath-to-breath calorimetry gas analysis. The prediction model included body weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), body fat mass index, distance on the 6MWT, and change in Heart Rate (HR) following the 6MWT. Results: The prediction equation was VO2peak=17.59+0.028 {6MWT(m)}–0.256{BMI (kg/m2)}–2.567 (gender: 0 male, 1 female)±3.25 ml•kg-1•min-1 (R2=0.48). A strong correlation (r=0.70, p<0.01) between predicted and measured calorimetry VO2peak values was obtained; yet, a poor concordance based on Lin’s coefficient (r=0.61). Conclusion: A VO2peak prediction equation with high accuracy and highly correlated to directly-measured VO2peak was developed for urban Costa Rican older adults. Non-specific population equations are not valid to predict VO2 peak in urban Costa Rican older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

Calorimetry
Body Mass Index
Heart Rate
Body Height
Cardiovascular System
Body Composition
Informed Consent
Exercise Test
Walking
Adipose Tissue
Cardiovascular system
Gases
Exercise equipment
Body Weight
Gas fuel analysis
Oxygen
Population
Fats
Recovery
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Costa rica
  • Equation
  • Latin America
  • Older adult
  • VOpeak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Peralta-Brenes, M., Briceño-Torres, J. M., Chacón-Araya, Y., Moncada-Jiménez, J., Salazar-Villanea, M., Johnson, D. K., & Campos-Salazar, C. (2018). Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 12(11). https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2018/37095.12191

Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults. / Peralta-Brenes, Mariana; Briceño-Torres, José M.; Chacón-Araya, Yamileth; Moncada-Jiménez, José; Salazar-Villanea, Mónica; Johnson, David K; Campos-Salazar, Cinthya.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 12, No. 11, 01.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peralta-Brenes, M, Briceño-Torres, JM, Chacón-Araya, Y, Moncada-Jiménez, J, Salazar-Villanea, M, Johnson, DK & Campos-Salazar, C 2018, 'Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults', Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, vol. 12, no. 11. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2018/37095.12191
Peralta-Brenes M, Briceño-Torres JM, Chacón-Araya Y, Moncada-Jiménez J, Salazar-Villanea M, Johnson DK et al. Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2018 Nov 1;12(11). https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2018/37095.12191
Peralta-Brenes, Mariana ; Briceño-Torres, José M. ; Chacón-Araya, Yamileth ; Moncada-Jiménez, José ; Salazar-Villanea, Mónica ; Johnson, David K ; Campos-Salazar, Cinthya. / Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults. In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 11.
@article{bd7d387e7eb040159c868b2172c3d442,
title = "Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults",
abstract = "Introduction: The peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is considered a valid indicator of the cardiovascular system function, and when measured on a metabolic cart it is considered the gold standard for cardiorespiratory fitness. Prediction equations have been developed to indirectly determine VO2 peak; however, there are no equations specific to Costa Rican older adults. Aim: To develop a VO2peak prediction equation for Costa Rican adults over 60 years using the distance achieved on the Six minutes Walking Test (6MWT) and anthropometrical measures. Materials and Methods: Seventy-nine adults (Mean age=68.8±4.79 yr.) read and signed the informed consent, then scanned on DXA for body composition, then measured the HR before and after the 6MWT. Following a 10-minutes recovery period from the 6MWT, they performed a VO2peak treadmill test with breath-to-breath calorimetry gas analysis. The prediction model included body weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), body fat mass index, distance on the 6MWT, and change in Heart Rate (HR) following the 6MWT. Results: The prediction equation was VO2peak=17.59+0.028 {6MWT(m)}–0.256{BMI (kg/m2)}–2.567 (gender: 0 male, 1 female)±3.25 ml•kg-1•min-1 (R2=0.48). A strong correlation (r=0.70, p<0.01) between predicted and measured calorimetry VO2peak values was obtained; yet, a poor concordance based on Lin’s coefficient (r=0.61). Conclusion: A VO2peak prediction equation with high accuracy and highly correlated to directly-measured VO2peak was developed for urban Costa Rican older adults. Non-specific population equations are not valid to predict VO2 peak in urban Costa Rican older adults.",
keywords = "Costa rica, Equation, Latin America, Older adult, VOpeak",
author = "Mariana Peralta-Brenes and Brice{\~n}o-Torres, {Jos{\'e} M.} and Yamileth Chac{\'o}n-Araya and Jos{\'e} Moncada-Jim{\'e}nez and M{\'o}nica Salazar-Villanea and Johnson, {David K} and Cinthya Campos-Salazar",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7860/JCDR/2018/37095.12191",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research",
issn = "2249-782X",
publisher = "JCDR Research and Publications (Pvt) Limited",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prediction of peak aerobic power among costa rican older adults

AU - Peralta-Brenes, Mariana

AU - Briceño-Torres, José M.

AU - Chacón-Araya, Yamileth

AU - Moncada-Jiménez, José

AU - Salazar-Villanea, Mónica

AU - Johnson, David K

AU - Campos-Salazar, Cinthya

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Introduction: The peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is considered a valid indicator of the cardiovascular system function, and when measured on a metabolic cart it is considered the gold standard for cardiorespiratory fitness. Prediction equations have been developed to indirectly determine VO2 peak; however, there are no equations specific to Costa Rican older adults. Aim: To develop a VO2peak prediction equation for Costa Rican adults over 60 years using the distance achieved on the Six minutes Walking Test (6MWT) and anthropometrical measures. Materials and Methods: Seventy-nine adults (Mean age=68.8±4.79 yr.) read and signed the informed consent, then scanned on DXA for body composition, then measured the HR before and after the 6MWT. Following a 10-minutes recovery period from the 6MWT, they performed a VO2peak treadmill test with breath-to-breath calorimetry gas analysis. The prediction model included body weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), body fat mass index, distance on the 6MWT, and change in Heart Rate (HR) following the 6MWT. Results: The prediction equation was VO2peak=17.59+0.028 {6MWT(m)}–0.256{BMI (kg/m2)}–2.567 (gender: 0 male, 1 female)±3.25 ml•kg-1•min-1 (R2=0.48). A strong correlation (r=0.70, p<0.01) between predicted and measured calorimetry VO2peak values was obtained; yet, a poor concordance based on Lin’s coefficient (r=0.61). Conclusion: A VO2peak prediction equation with high accuracy and highly correlated to directly-measured VO2peak was developed for urban Costa Rican older adults. Non-specific population equations are not valid to predict VO2 peak in urban Costa Rican older adults.

AB - Introduction: The peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is considered a valid indicator of the cardiovascular system function, and when measured on a metabolic cart it is considered the gold standard for cardiorespiratory fitness. Prediction equations have been developed to indirectly determine VO2 peak; however, there are no equations specific to Costa Rican older adults. Aim: To develop a VO2peak prediction equation for Costa Rican adults over 60 years using the distance achieved on the Six minutes Walking Test (6MWT) and anthropometrical measures. Materials and Methods: Seventy-nine adults (Mean age=68.8±4.79 yr.) read and signed the informed consent, then scanned on DXA for body composition, then measured the HR before and after the 6MWT. Following a 10-minutes recovery period from the 6MWT, they performed a VO2peak treadmill test with breath-to-breath calorimetry gas analysis. The prediction model included body weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), body fat mass index, distance on the 6MWT, and change in Heart Rate (HR) following the 6MWT. Results: The prediction equation was VO2peak=17.59+0.028 {6MWT(m)}–0.256{BMI (kg/m2)}–2.567 (gender: 0 male, 1 female)±3.25 ml•kg-1•min-1 (R2=0.48). A strong correlation (r=0.70, p<0.01) between predicted and measured calorimetry VO2peak values was obtained; yet, a poor concordance based on Lin’s coefficient (r=0.61). Conclusion: A VO2peak prediction equation with high accuracy and highly correlated to directly-measured VO2peak was developed for urban Costa Rican older adults. Non-specific population equations are not valid to predict VO2 peak in urban Costa Rican older adults.

KW - Costa rica

KW - Equation

KW - Latin America

KW - Older adult

KW - VOpeak

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056600572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056600572&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7860/JCDR/2018/37095.12191

DO - 10.7860/JCDR/2018/37095.12191

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

JF - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

SN - 2249-782X

IS - 11

ER -