Predicting friendship quality in autism spectrum disorders and typical development

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role played by social relationship variables (attachment security; mother-child relationship qualities) and social-cognitive capacities (theory of mind) was examined in both observed friendship behaviors and in children's descriptions of friendships (age 8-12) with high functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (HFASD) (n = 44) and with typical development (TYP) (n = 38). Overall, half of the HFASD sample (54.45%) reported maternal attachment security, corroborating data from younger children with ASD. The hypothesized predictors and their interrelations had both direct and indirect effects on friendship for both groups of children, highlighting the importance of these factors in children's friendship development and suggesting both compensatory and amplification mechanisms for friendship qualities. Practical and clinical implications are discussed for friendship support in both ASD and TYP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-761
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Asperger syndrome
  • Attachment
  • Friendship
  • HFASD
  • Theory of mind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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