Preclinical evaluation of mesenchymal stem cells overexpressing VEGF to treat critical limb ischemia

Julie R. Beegle, Nataly Lessa Magner, Stefanos Kalomoiris, Aja Harding, Ping Zhou, Catherine Nacey, Jeannine Logan White, Karen Pepper, William Gruenloh, Geralyn Annett, Jan Nolta, Fernando A Fierro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Numerous clinical trials are utilizing mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to treat critical limb ischemia, primarily for their ability to secrete signals that promote revascularization. These cells have demonstrated clinical safety, but their efficacy has been limited, possibly because these paracrine signals are secreted at subtherapeutic levels. In these studies the combination of cell and gene therapy was evaluated by engineering MSC with a lentivirus to overexpress vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). To achieve clinical compliance, the number of viral insertions was limited to 1–2 copies/cell and a constitutive promoter with demonstrated clinical safety was used. MSC/VEGF showed statistically significant increases in blood flow restoration as compared with sham controls, and more consistent improvements as compared with nontransduced MSC. Safety of MSC/VEGF was assessed in terms of genomic stability, rule-out tumorigenicity, and absence of edema or hemangiomas in vivo. In terms of retention, injected MSC/VEGF showed a steady decline over time, with a very small fraction of MSC/VEGF remaining for up to 4.5 months. Additional safety studies completed include absence of replication competent lentivirus, sterility tests, and absence of VSV-G viral envelope coding plasmid. These preclinical studies are directed toward a planned phase 1 clinical trial to treat critical limb ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16053
Number of pages1
JournalMolecular Therapy - Methods and Clinical Development
StatePublished - Mar 16 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine


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