Purpose: Immunoglobulins are catabolized in the hepatocytes, primarily by cathepsins. The liver becomes the likely dose-limiting tissue for radiometals, like 90Y, in radioimmunoconjugates (RICs) used for radioimmunotherapy in combination with bone marrow support. To assess whether in vitro cathepsin-degradable peptide linkers between the chelated radiometal and the antibody decreased hepatic radiation dose, cumulated activity was used as a surrogate for radiation dose. Experimental design: Four different cathepsin-degradable peptides used to link 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N, N′,N″,N‴-tetraacetic acid-chelated 111In to two different monoclonal antibodies were studied in athymic mouse models of human breast cancer or lymphoma. Measured concentrations of activity during 5 days were used to reflect pharmacokinetic behavior for normal tissues and tumor. With the use of linear regression to fit a monoexponential decay function, cumulated activities in the liver and xenografts were calculated. Results: The pharmacokinetic behavior of the cathepsin-degradable peptide-linked RICs was similar to that for the 2-iminothiolane (2IT) nondegradable linked RICs except for the liver. The liver cumulated activities of peptide-linked RICs were significantly decreased from those of the corresponding 2IT-linked RICs, varying between reductions of 59 and 68%. Cumulated activities of peptide-linked RICs in the xenografts were as great as those of 2IT RICs, so that the therapeutic indices (tumor:liver cumulated activity ratios) were substantially better for cathepsin-degradable peptide-linked RICs. Conclusions: Cathepsin-degradable peptides used to link chelated radiometals to antibodies reduce liver radiation dose and improve the therapeutic index for radioimmunotherapy given in combination with bone marrow support.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Issue number||10 II|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research