Pre-Existing and New-Onset Depression and Anxiety Among Workers With Injury or Illness Work Leaves

Fraser W. Gaspar, Daniel N. Jolivet, Kerri Wizner, Fred Schott, Carolyn S. Dewa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of depression and/or anxiety on work leaves and the impact of work leaves on experiencing a new-onset depression and/or anxiety disorder. METHODS: IBM's MarketScan® research databases were linked to investigate depressive and anxiety disorders in workers with a work leave due to an injury or non-mental health illness (n = 467,930) and without a work leave (n = 2,764,447). RESULTS: The odds of a work leave within a year were 2.10 times higher (95%CI: 2.08-2.13) in individuals with depression and/or anxiety compared to those without. The odds of developing a new-onset depression and/or anxiety within a year was 4.21 times higher (95% CI: 4.14-4.27) in individuals with a work leave compared to those without. CONCLUSION: Depression and anxiety are both risk factors for and subsequent outcomes of injuries or illnesses that require a work leave.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e567-e572
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pre-Existing and New-Onset Depression and Anxiety Among Workers With Injury or Illness Work Leaves'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this