Potentiation of the anti-tumour effects of Photofrin®- based photodynamic therapy by localized treatment with G-CSF

J. Gola̧b, G. Wilczyński, R. Zagoźdźon, T. Stoklosa, A. Da̧browska, J. Rybczyńska, M. Wa̧sik, E. Machaj, T. Oldak, K. Kozar, R. Kamiński, Adam Giermasz, A. Czajka, W. Lasek, W. Feleszko, M. Jakóbisiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Photofrin®-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) has recently been approved for palliative and curative purposes in cancer patients. It has been demonstrated that neutrophils are indispensable for its anti-tumour effectiveness. We decided to evaluate the extent of the anti-tumour effectiveness of PDT combined with administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as well as the influence of Photofrin® and G-CSF on the myelopoiesis and functional activity of neutrophils in mice. An intensive treatment with G-CSF significantly potentiated anti-tumour effectiveness of Photofrin®-based PDT resulting in a reduction of tumour growth and prolongation of the survival time of mice bearing two different tumours: colon-26 and Lewis lung carcinoma. Moreover, 33% of C-26-bearing mice were completely cured of their tumours after combined therapy and developed a specific and long-lasting immunity. The tumours treated with both agents contained more infiltrating neutrophils and apoptotic cells then tumours treated with either G-CSF or PDT only. Importantly, simultaneous administration of Photofrin® and G-CSF stimulated bone marrow and spleen myelopoiesis that resulted in an increased number of neutrophils demonstrating functional characteristics of activation. Potentiated anti-tumour effects of Photofrin®-based PDT combined with G-CSF observed in two murine tumour models suggest that clinical trials using this tumour therapy protocol would be worth pursuing. (C) 2000 Cancer Research Campaign.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1491
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • G-CSF
  • Neutrophils
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Photofrin®

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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