Potential toxicity concerns from chemical coagulation treatment of stormwater in the Tahoe basin, California, USA

S. E. Lopus, P. A M Bachand, A. C. Heyvaert, I. Werner, Swee J Teh, J. E. Reuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coagulant dosing of stormwater runoff with polyaluminum chlorides (PACs) is used in numerous waterbodies to improve water clarity, but the potential risks of PACs to aquatic organisms in Lake Tahoe, California are not fully understood. To assess these risks, the USEPA 3-species toxicity test and a non-standard fish test using Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) were used to determine the toxicity of PAC-treated and non-treated stormwater samples to aquatic species. Stormwater samples were collected from three sites representing runoff from different urbanized areas in May 2004; samples received coagulant dosing using three different coagulants (JC1720, PAX-XL9, Sumalchlor50) at levels optimized with jar testing. Raw stormwaters were toxic to algae and fathead minnows (mortality). Treatment with coagulants increased toxicity to zooplankton (reproduction) and had no consistent effects on the other toxicity metrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1933-1941
Number of pages9
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume72
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

Coagulants
Coagulation
Catchments
Toxicity
Oryzias
Runoff
Zooplankton
Aquatic organisms
Toxicity Tests
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Cyprinidae
Aquatic Organisms
Poisons
Algae
Lakes
Fish
Reproduction
Fishes
Mortality
Water

Keywords

  • Coagulants
  • Ecotoxicity
  • Medaka (Oryzias latipes)
  • Runoff
  • Stormwater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution

Cite this

Potential toxicity concerns from chemical coagulation treatment of stormwater in the Tahoe basin, California, USA. / Lopus, S. E.; Bachand, P. A M; Heyvaert, A. C.; Werner, I.; Teh, Swee J; Reuter, J. E.

In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol. 72, No. 7, 10.2009, p. 1933-1941.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lopus, S. E. ; Bachand, P. A M ; Heyvaert, A. C. ; Werner, I. ; Teh, Swee J ; Reuter, J. E. / Potential toxicity concerns from chemical coagulation treatment of stormwater in the Tahoe basin, California, USA. In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2009 ; Vol. 72, No. 7. pp. 1933-1941.
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